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Landscape design must use productive landscape

Time:2023-02-03 23:49:22 author:adventure Read:497次
Landscape design must use productive landscape

People's aesthetic values ​​are gradually returning to the concepts of "natural beauty" and "simple beauty". Getting close to nature and enjoying the comfort of nature has slowly become a way of life. The revelation from this change of concept is that the construction of beautiful countryside is inseparable from agriculture; the development of rural tourism and leisure agriculture cannot abandon the productivity of agriculture. The loss of agricultural productive landscape is not only the lack of agricultural culture, but also the lack of farming interest, and the lack of rural atmosphere.

▼1 The concept of productive landscape

The productive landscape is derived from living and productive labor, and it incorporates productive labor and the fruits of labor , including man's production transformation of nature (such as agricultural production) and the reprocessing of natural resources (industrial production), is a landscape with life, culture, long-term inheritance, and obvious material output. According to historians, Chinese classical gardens originated from the fruit, wood and vegetable gardens in front of and behind the house. The characters "yuan" and "囿" evolved from pictographs. The outer box represents a certain boundary or wall, and the inside of the box represents cultivated plants or animals. In the West, landscape architects also mainly come from farmers and ranchers. These garden landscape prototypes at home and abroad can see the shadow of productive landscape. In modern times, the productive landscape has not disappeared, permeating from the countryside to the city. For example, the application of rice field landscapes in the campus landscape of Shenyang Jianzhu University interprets the profound connotation of Chinese farming culture. Another example is the landscape design of the headquarters building of China Midea in Guangzhou, which uses the traditional Chinese agricultural culture "mulberry pond" to interpret the images and memories of the Pearl River Delta region. It can be said that production is the earliest function of the landscape. In China, there was also a movement of "combining gardens with production" in the 1950s and 1960s. Under today's rapid urbanization, a large amount of farmland has been eroded, and the agricultural remnants in the city were once considered to be a hidden danger hindering the development of the city. In fact, agriculture can develop harmoniously with cities. Designing sustainable and productive landscapes is a complex and ambitious task that requires (designers) clarity of mind and a good balance between the orderly (e.g. new infrastructure or food systems) and the untamable (e.g. seasons or Weed grass roots) object. This requires [designers] to work with a large number of different groups of people, such as soil experts, economists, and local community organizations, which will push people to rediscover or maintain the importance of urban open spaces to continue to benefit urban populations. Aesthetics: The productive landscape is generally larger in area and has obvious traces of human activities. It is the comprehensive effect of people's production activities and nature and natural resources. It has the beauty of nature and the beauty of creation. Culture:  Productive landscape is a kind of creative culture, such as farming culture. At the same time, adding IP reconstruction and cultural creativity can make the productive landscape have a strong attraction and create new cultural phenomena. Ecology: From an ecological point of view, productive landscapes are people-centered and re-creation of natural ecology, including optimization and transformation (such as compound afforestation or greening, landscape forest construction, and patchy agricultural production), and also destroying ecosystems ( Such as pure forest production, captive production, etc.).

▼ 2 Classification of productive landscapes

Rural productive landscapes are the key elements in creating rural life; the application of rural productive landscapes makes rural construction more efficient Full of rustic atmosphere. It can be fully utilized in the design, such as terraced field landscape, spring rapeseed landscape, colored leaf forest landscape, economic forest landscape, fishery production landscape, etc. In the design, it is necessary to master the production and labor process and staged landscape manifestation. For example, in the construction of wetland landscape, mulberry fish ponds, water production, fishery production, and wetland landscape forest construction can be fully utilized. Rural productive landscape: including crop planting landscape, forestry landscape, animal husbandry landscape and fishery landscape. Rural crop planting landscape: including a certain area of ​​crop physical landscape, production activities and production tools in the process of plowing, sowing, management, and harvesting. Rural forestry landscape: a certain area of ​​forest as the medium, the type of landscape that is produced by people's production activities or viewing activities, and has both beauty and rich output at the same time. Original ecological landscape: Rivers and water systems in rural areas, including fruit forests and farmland, are important components of rural productive landscapes. Rural animal husbandry landscape: the landscape formed in the process of grazing, captive breeding, etc. Rural fishery landscape: The main landscape elements are material elements such as ponds, fishing boats, aquatic products, and the productive activities of fishermen such as casting nets, fishing, and drying.

▼3Characteristics of productive landscape

Agricultural productivity: It is the biggest feature that distinguishes productive landscape from garden landscape. Participation and interactivity: Provide conditions for people to experience labor and experience farming activities such as sowing, fertilizing, management, and harvesting. Ecological naturalness: The rural landscape is not "natural and ecological" on the surface, but becomes more dynamic and attractive, and can bring people and nature closer together. Entertainment and education: Create through rural elements, allowing people to educate popular science while experiencing it. Regional culture: The climate, soil, hydrology, and topographic conditions of each region are different, and the corresponding crops produced on this land are also different. For example, the rapeseed flower fields in Wuyuan are as beautiful as an oil painting; the rice terraces in Longji are like ribbons falling from the sky; the tea gardens in Pu'er stretch, all these different agricultural landscapes show the charm of this land. This article is reproduced in: Reading Taoist Culture Travel, some pictures are from the Internet, if there is any infringement, please contact the editor to deal with it! read more, walk more. Read Dao Culture Travel is honored to share this article with you! Not landing, not creative, if you have a good material case, please leave a message below to share~

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