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It turns out that [Changxin Palace Lantern] still has so many knowledge points

Time:2022-10-03 18:49:59 author:ice and snow Read:677次
It turns out that [Changxin Palace Lantern] still has so many knowledge points

Recently, "The King's Underground Palace - Hebei Han Dynasty Royal Relics Exhibition" is on display at the Nanning Museum. The Han Dynasty was the first prosperous dynasty of Chinese feudal society. In present-day Hebei, the two Han Dynasties once divided dozens of vassal states including Yan State, Zhao State, Zhongshan State, Hejian State, Changshan State, Qinghe State, and Zhending State. The feudal fiefs of these vassal states occupy more than half of the land in the world. There are many cultural relics from the Han Dynasty in Hebei, and the tombs of the princes and kings of Zhongshan are the most abundant. Among them, the tombs of Liu Sheng and his wife, King Jing of Zhongshan in the Western Han Dynasty, have extremely high tombs, especially the unearthed Changxin palace lanterns, golden thread jade clothes, bronze pots in seal script, Boshan furnaces, etc. The national treasure-level cultural relics are exceptionally beautiful. What I want to introduce to you today is the Western Han Dynasty Changxin Palace lantern unearthed from the tomb of Dou Wan, a Han tomb in Mancheng, Hebei. // She is 48 cm tall and weighs 15.85 kg. She is a palace maid of the Han Dynasty who is sitting upright; she is a national treasure integrating history, art and technology; she is the "sister" who has traveled through the millennium to ride the wind and waves; she is the first lamp in China - Changxin Palace Lantern! The Changxin Palace Lamp of the Western Han Dynasty was unearthed in the tomb of Dou Wan, a Han tomb in Mancheng, Hebei. It was named after it was placed in the Changxin Palace of Empress Dowager Dowager. The Changxin palace lantern (replica) was exhibited at the South Expo, and the audience came to see it in an endless stream, and they were full of praise. However, the word "replica" inevitably made people feel lost. The Changxin Palace Lantern (replica) is being exhibited at Nanning Museum. A correct understanding of the cultural relics replicas are of the times and non-renewable. When displayed in the museum exhibition hall, the cultural relics are forced to be exposed to a new environment that will be thousands of years later. Factors such as temperature, humidity, harmful gases, and insect pests may cause damage to cultural relics. Changxin Palace Lantern is a national first-class cultural relic and the first batch of cultural relics prohibited from going abroad (border) for exhibition, and there are strict regulations on its protection and management. As one of the important auxiliary materials, the reproduction of cultural relics has been widely used to replace the original exhibits. This is not only for the museum to fulfill its own functions and to meet the needs of education, exhibition and research, but also for the protection of cultural relics. There are strict requirements for duplicating cultural relics "Regulations on the Administration of Duplication and Imprinting of Cultural Relics" • Article 3 defines: "Relic reproduction refers to the basic use of original techniques and Work process, activities to make products identical to the originals”; • Article 6 stipulates: “Using the originals of cultural relics for reproduction and rubbing should adhere to the principle of less and better, and strictly control the number of copies and rubbings. The reproductions of cultural relics should indicate that Copied Identification and Quantity Numbers". Let us face up to the replicas of cultural relics, and don't wear tinted glasses to put the silently dedicated replicas into the "cold palace"! Next, please focus on the Changxin Palace Lantern. Second, the self-cultivation hair style of the palace maids in the Han Dynasty combed the hair behind the head and tied it into a knot, similar to today's cross-headed scarf, which was worn on the head to cover the forehead and wrapped around the hairline. "Women Heroes", "Women Don't Let Men" Deep clothes have wide sleeves, wide cuffs, and a low neckline to reveal the clothes inside In the Han Dynasty, animal oil was often used as fuel, which easily produced a lot of smoke and odor. In order to avoid the soot polluting the indoor utensils and air, the maid of the lantern was designed. Following the sleeve tube into the lamp body, the lamps with smoke pipes like this are called lanterns. The bronze phoenix lanterns unearthed in the Han Dynasty in Hepu, Guangxi. There are 9 lanterns unearthed at present. In January 1971, two copper phoenix lanterns were unearthed in Hepu, Guangxi. The smoke pipes of the lanterns are generally made relatively concealed, and will take the shape of human arms and animal limbs. Practical, scientific and artistic. Ingenious design In addition to the ingenious smoke pipe design, the lamp plate of Changxin Palace Lantern is also embedded with two curved copper plates, which can be opened and closed left and right, so as to adjust the range and angle of light irradiation, and also play a role in blocking the wind. When in use, the oil fume rises with the push of hot air, enters the hollow lamp body along the maid's sleeve, and gradually cools after contacting with the metal wall, and condenses on the inner wall. The bottom of the Changxin Palace lantern shows that there is no bottom cover at the lower end of the lamp body. This lamp can also be placed on a water tray, and the oil fume will condense when it encounters water, thus avoiding indoor air pollution. The whole lamp is composed of a separately cast head, body, right arm, lamp holder, lamp panel, and lamp shade, which can be disassembled and assembled to facilitate cleaning of the accumulated oil fume. Wusuiyue gilding gilding is a metal craft that uses the properties of mercury and gold. Mercury can melt gold into "muddy gold", apply the muddy gold on copper, and then heat it. The mercury evaporates easily, leaving only the gold firmly. attached to the copper. There are not too many decorations and complicated patterns on the surface of the palace lantern. The simple and unpretentious image of the palace maid is expressed through the golden gilt copper lamp, which is particularly radiant and full of richness and luxury. In order to let our children and grandchildren continue to inherit our splendid cultural heritage, let's be a cultural relic guardian from now on! References 1. Li Zhaoyu: "Assessment and Appreciation of Han Dynasty Bronze Changxin Palace Lantern", "Cultural Relic Identification and Appreciation", 2016 (08); 2. Feng Zhao: "Why Changxin Palace Lantern is "Most Chinese" - Interview with the Party Committee of Hebei Museum Secretary and Dean Luo Xiangjun", "Chinese Brands", 2022(03); 3. Chen Yue: "On the Han Dynasty Sun Lantern", "Wenbo", 2008(06); 4. Liu Yili and Zhang Xi: "Relics Replicas" "The Value and Educational Role of Education", "Modern Vocational Education", 2015(06); 5. "Cloud Talks about National Treasures" Special Edition | Invite you to listen to the story of national treasures (2), the official account of Hebei Museum. • Transportation Subway: Take Metro Line 3 and get off at "City Museum Station"; Bus: Take bus No. 107, 117, 118, 49 and get off at "Nanning Museum (Boyi Songxiang Road Intersection)". • Opening hours 9:30-17:00 (every Tuesday to Sunday) 16:45 Closed for admission and closed on Mondays (holidays, other important events and other special circumstances will announce the visit time in advance) • Special reminder for Nanning Museum and Deng Yingchao Memorial Hall The online real-name system is implemented to make reservations for visits. Visitors are requested to take personal epidemic prevention measures and go through the admission procedures in strict accordance with the admission process. © The final interpretation right belongs to the Nanning Museum Official Website: Museum Consulting Tel: 0771-5445188 Office: 0771-2842637/5445226 Nanning Museum Explaining Appointment Tel: 0771-5445189 Deng Yingchao Memorial Hall Explaining Appointment Tel: 0771-2865141 ● Meet with old friends for a fun summer trip to Nanning ● This summer resort around Nanning, play splashing water, catch fish, enjoy the natural scenery... Let you cool down in summer! ● Recommended for summer travel! Nanning Summer Resort Guide to Walking Your Baby in the City! ● A niche campsite in the city! Enjoy the beautiful lake view, suitable for camping, baby walking, barbecue... ● "Gate to the Sky" + characteristic garden landscape, check in this "treasure" park for free ● A light luxury homestay hidden in the mountains, what you want Peace and relaxation are all here! Source of information: The copyright of Nanning Museum belongs to the original author and is only used for public welfare sharing. If there is any infringement, please contact to delete the reprint and please indicate the source. , please call the hotline at 9:00-12:00, 15:00-18:00.) Nanning eat, drink, play and travel all in one WeChat account: nnslyj Nanning Culture, Radio, Television and Tourism Bureau official WeChat warm reminder [watching] this way every push The article will appear in your subscription list for the first time, thank you for your support!

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